Archive for the ‘Information Highway’ Category

National Statistics on Child Abuse

Thursday, December 21st, 2017

Information was retrieved from National Children’s Alliance (NCA). (2014). National Statistics on Child Abuse. Retrieved December 21, 2017 from http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/media-room/media-kit/national-statistics-child-abuse

National Statistics on Child Abuse (1)

In 2015, an estimated 1,670 children died from abuse and neglect in the United States (1). In 2015, Children’s Advocacy Centers around the country served more than 311,000 (2) child victims of abuse, providing victim advocacy and support to these children and their families.

Nearly 700,000 children are abused in the U.S. annually. An estimated 683,000 children (unique incidents) were victims of abuse and neglect in 2015, the most recent year for which there is national data.

CPS protects more than 3 million children. Approximately 3.4 million children received an investigation or alternative response from child protective services agencies. 2.3 million children received prevention services.

The youngest children were most vulnerable to maltreatment. Children in the first year of their life had the highest rate of victimization of 24.2 per 1,000 children in the national population of the same age.

Neglect is the most common form of maltreatment. Of children who experienced maltreatment or abuse, three-quarters suffered neglect;  17.2% suffered physical abuse, and 8.4% suffered sexual abuse. (Some children are polyvictimed – they have suffered more than one form of maltreatment.)

About four out of five abusers are the victims’ parents. A parent of the child victim was the perpetrator in 78.1% of substantiated cases of child maltreatment.

How Children’s Advocacy Centers Served Children: Statistics (2)

Children’s Advocacy Centers served more than 311,000 children around the country in 2015. Here’s a snapshot of these children:

  • Ages 0 to 6 – 37%
  • Ages 7 to 12 – 37%
  • Ages 13 to 17 – 26%

Two-third of children served disclosed sexual abuse (205,438).

Nearly 20% of children served disclosed physical abuse (60,897).

211,831 children received on-site forensic interviewing at a Children’s Advocacy Center.

People Investigated for Abuse

People Investigated by Age

  • Under 13 – 10%
  • Ages 13 to 17 – 13%
  • Ages 18+ – 77%

Relationship to Victim

  • Known, Not Family – 10%
  • Relative of Child – 51%
  • Parent – 39%

Of those alleged to have abused children, nearly a quarter were themselves children.

Almost 40% were a parent or caregiver of the child victim.

Fully 90% of alleged abusers were related in some to the child victim.

References

  1. All national child abuse statistics cited from U.S. Administration for Children & Families, Child Maltreatment 2015. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/resources/child-maltreatment-2015
  2. National CHildren’s Advocacy 2015 national statistics collected from Children’s Advocacy Center members and available on the NCA website: http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/cac-statistics

Child Abuse Statistics & Facts

Thursday, December 21st, 2017

Information was retrieved from ChildHelp. (2017). Child Abuse Statistics & Facts. Retrieved December 21, 2017 from https://www.childhelp.org/cihld-abuse-statistics/

Scope of the Child Abuse Issue

Children are suffering from a hidden epidemic of child abuse and neglect. It’s a widespread war against our children that we have the power to stop, and understanding the issue is the first step. Just how bad is the issue of child abuse in the United States?

Every year more than 3.6 million referrals are made to child protection agencies involving more than 6.6 million children (a referral can include multiple children).

The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations – losing an average between four and seven children ever day to child abuse and neglect (1,2).

A report of child abuse is made every ten seconds.

Yearly, referrals to state child protective services involve 6.6 million children, and around 3.2 million of those children are subject to an investigated report (2).

In 2014, state agencies found an estimated 702,000 victims of child maltreatment (2), but that only tells part of the story. This would pack 10 modern football stadiums.

Health Impacts of Child Abuse

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention links adverse childhood experiences (which include other household dysfunctions along with abuse and neglect) with a range of long-term health impacts (4).

Individuals who reported six or more adverse childhood experiences had an average life expectancy two decades shorter than those who reported none (5).

Ischemic heart disease (IHD), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), liver disease and other health-related quality of life issues are tied to child abuse.

Mental Health Disorders, Addictions, & Related Issues

  • Risk for intimate partner violence
  • Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
  • Illicit drug abuse
  • Smoking & drinking at an early age
  • Depression
  • Suicide attempts

Sexual & Reproductive Health Issues and Risk Factors

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Unintended pregnancies
  • Early initiation of sexual activity
  • Adolescent pregnancy and Fetal death

In one study, 80% of 21-year-olds who reported childhood abuse met the criteria for at least one psychological disorder (6).

Financial Impacts of Child Abuse

The long-term financial impact of abuse and neglect is staggering. For new cases in 2008 alone, lifetime estimates of lost worker productivity, health care costs, special education costs, child welfare expenditures and criminal justice expenditures added up to $124 billion (8). This could send 1.7 million children to college.

Child Abuse Fatalities

We must learn to recognize early signs of abuse in order to help save the 5 children that die every day from child abuse and neglect. In 2014, state agencies identified an estimated 1,580 children who died as a result of abuse and neglect – between four and five children a day (2). However, studies indicate significant undercounting of child maltreatment fatalities by state agencies – by 50% or more (10). That’s roughly 1/4 of your child’s elementary school class.

More than 70% of the children who died as a result of child abuse or neglect were two years of age or younger. More than 80% were not yet old enough for kindergarten (3). Around 80% of child maltreatment fatalities involve at least one parent as perpetrator (3).

Behavioral Health and Crime Related to Child Abuse

Substance Abuse and child maltreatment are tragically and undeniably linked. In a study of 513 children exposed to drugs in-utero, rates of abuse were two to three times that of other children in the same geographical area (9). As many as two-thirds of the people in treatment for drug abuse reported being abused or neglected as children (11). 14% of all men in prison and 26% of women in prison in the USA were abused as children, about twice the frequency seen in the general population (12). Children who experience child abuse & neglect are about 9 times more likely to become involved in criminal activity (12).

Resources (view on original website)